Paediatrics is a branch of medicine which involves handling medical conditions that are affecting infants, new-borns, children and adolescents. The difference in physiology between growing and adult individuals have always been well documented in history. Other than body size differences, there are also conditions that may be more prevalent in babies compared to adults. This could be due to differences in physiology and also a yet to mature immune system. This is why in many cases, similar symptoms and conditions could be treated with different medication or procedures. This is to make sure that the young patient is given the most optimal and suitable treatment plan.