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What is colorectal screening?

Compared to diagnostics, a screening test is done even when a person does not exhibit any symptoms. It is more of a preventive measure rather than a treatment option. Colorectal screening is done to check for any signs of cancer in the colorectal area. This includes both the rectum and the colon (large intestines). The screening process checks for polyps or any foreign growths in the intestines and rectum. These polyps have the potential to become cancerous as most colon cancer tumours developed from them. With early detection, the polyps can then be safely removed and thus preventing cancer.

Why is colorectal screening important?

Colorectal screening is very important as colorectal cancer is among the leading causes of cancer deaths worldwide. Colorectal cancer is the most common form of cancer among Malaysian males while being the third most common form of cancer worldwide. Risk factors that cause colorectal cancer include overconsumption of unhealthy food, lack of physical exercises and obesity. For Malaysians aged 50 and above, there is a higher risk of developing colorectal cancers.  

This widespread and common occurrence means that colorectal screening is crucial to detect any early signs of cancer. As more people are getting aware of the benefits and importance of medical screening, earlier detection and treatment will increase the chances of recovery significantly.