What is Mammogram?
Mammography is a low dose x-ray of the breast, which can detect breast cancer even before it can be felt. The images from the mammogram allow the inner structures of the breast to be assessed.
Sri Kota Specialist Medical centre has the latest 3D Digital Mammography system which deliver better detection, more accurate and efficient result compare to conventional analog or 2D digital mammography.
Breast tomosynthesis, also called three dimensional (3-D) mammography is an advanced form of breast imaging, or mammography that uses a low- dose x-ray system and computer reconstructions to create three-dimensional images of the breast. Breast tomosynthesis aids in the early detection and diagnosis of breast disease.
What is it used for?
To date, getting a mammogram screening is the most common method used in the detection of breast cancer. Breast cancer has been one of the leading causes of death in many female cancer patients. While doctors still recommend self-examination to detect any foreign lumps or bumps in the breasts, a mammogram scan actually reveals any growths before you can even feel them. An early detection of the tumor greatly increases the chances of recovery.
Mammogram screening is recommended for women aged 40 and above. For the best detection, you should do a mammogram screening at least once every two years. Any foreign lumps or growths that are detected will be removed for biopsy and examination. This is to make sure that the lumps are benign (non-cancerous). In the worst case scenario, an early detection boosts chances of recovery significantly.
The process for taking a mammogram is relatively fast. Before you take the scan, make sure that your chest area and underarms are clean. Avoid putting on any skin products such as lotions, deodorants and powder as they may produce artifacts on the images.
A specially trained female radiographer will perform the mammogram. Your breast will be placed on a special platform and gradually compressed with a clear plastic paddle. Breast compression is necessary during tomosynthesis imaging in order to:
- Even out the breast thickness so that all of the tissue can be visualized.
- Spread out the tissue so that small abnormalities are less likely to be hidden by overlying breast tissue.
- Allow the use of a lower x-ray dose since a thinner amount of breast tissue is being imaged.
- Hold the breast still in order to minimize blurring of the image caused by motion.
Your breast will remain compressed while the x-ray tube moves from one side of your breast to the other in an arc, capturing multiple images from different angles along the way. In addition to the three-dimensional image set, the breast tomosynthesis exam can also synthesize standard two-dimensional images of the breast for interpretation.
In our effort to combat breast cancer, we encourage all women to conduct frequent self-examinations in addition to having mammogram screenings.