The Life-Altering Consequences of Stroke
A stroke, sometimes called a “brain attack,” is a medical emergency that may change your life. In Malaysia, like elsewhere, stroke is a major public health issue. This article discusses stroke in Malaysia and the significance of awareness, prevention, and treatment.
The Urgency of Stroke
A stroke happens when a part of the brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients owing to blood flow obstruction or haemorrhage. Stroke is time-sensitive. Faster stroke diagnosis and treatment improves outcomes and reduces long-term impairment. This is why “FAST” matters:
F (Face): Watch for facial drooping.
A (Arms): Check for arm weakness.
S (Speech): Listen for slurred speech.
T (Time): Act quickly and call for help.
Who’s at Risk?
Stroke has no age restrictions and can affect anyone. Nonetheless, certain factors can increase a person’s risk. Two-thirds of strokes in Malaysia occur in people over 65 years old. In addition, several medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Type 2 diabetes, and a history of heart-related issues such as heart attacks or atrial fibrillation, can increase the risk of stroke.
The Prevalence of Stroke
Stroke is alarmingly prevalent in Malaysia. Globally, it ranks as the second leading cause of death, and in Malaysia, it is the fifth. Moreover, strokes are a leading cause of disability worldwide. The impact on individuals and their families cannot be overstated.
The Aftermath of Stroke
Stroke can have devastating effects on the body. Brain cells starved of oxygen can quickly die, leading to a range of physical and cognitive impairments. The specific symptoms depend on the affected area of the brain and may include weakness, speech difficulties, loss of sensation, and even coma in severe cases. The severity of these effects often hinges on the timeliness of treatment.
Types of Stroke
There are two primary types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes are caused by blockages in blood vessels, while hemorrhagic strokes result from bleeding in the brain. Both types require distinct approaches to treatment, making an accurate diagnosis crucial.
Stroke in Malaysia is a serious health concern, impacting individuals and their families in profound ways. Recognizing the signs of stroke, understanding risk factors, and seeking immediate medical attention are pivotal steps in mitigating the consequences of this life-threatening condition. Stay informed, stay vigilant, and remember that time is of the essence when it comes to stroke.
To learn more about stroke prevention, treatment, and expert guidance, visit our neurology specialist page and make an appointment with our one and only Resident Consultant Neuro (Dr. Wong Sing Keat) in Klang Private Hospital today.